On Nov 10, 1775, The U.S. Marine Corps was created to raise two battalions to increase security for American ships and provide landing forces. Battle your way through these trivia questions about America’s “soldiers at sea.”
Who Was the First Commandant of the Marines? Captain of Marines Samuel Nicholas, who was a Quaker from Philadelphia, was awarded the first commission in the Continental Naval Service and was appointed by the Marine Committee of the Continental Congress. His first act was to establish the Marine headquarters at Tun’s Tavern in Philadelphia. In this location, recruits were obtained by promising adventure aided by mugs of beer. In January 1776, the new branch of the military had the required men to man their boats, which were seven or eight in number. Nicholas was commander of the USS Alfred, America’s first Man-of-War, which started off as a merchant ship named Black Prince. The ship carried three masts and weighed 450 tons.
What Was the First Amphibious Landing Made by the Marines?
The USS Alfred was sent to Nassau in the Bahamas for support against the British Fort Montague and to seek military supplies. Captain Nicholas led his men ashore, and 200 Marines arrived at the British island of New Providence and took control of the fort without a shot being fired. This amphibious landing was the first of its kind by the American Marines.
Montforte Browne, the British Governor, was allowed 24 hours to concede defeat and surrender. However, he used this time to remove most of his gunpowder to St. Augustine, Florida, where British troops were stationed. The Marines took possession of the town and both of its forts unopposed by British forces. Following the surrender of the British at Fort Montague, the cannons and what remained of the gunpowder were taken by the American troops. The weapons and gunpowder obtained by the Marines in this assault were put to use later by General George Washington and the Continental Army.
Which Marine Holds the Record as the Most Decorated? Lt. General Lewis Burwell “Chesty” Puller holds the record as the most decorated Marine with 63 medals. He served as a Marine in Haiti and Nicaragua and went on to serve in World War II and in the Korean War. Among the decorations and awards presented to Puller were five Navy Crosses and the U.S. Army’s Distinguished Service Cross, several Legion of Merit awards for outstanding achievements and service and a Silver Star.
When Was the Marine Corps Band Established? This famous band was established in 1798 and has performed at every presidential inauguration since Thomas Jefferson’s. It was he who nicknamed the band “The President’s Own.” Since its establishment, the band’s main duty has been to play at parades, state dinners and at other functions. While it is known for its stirring military marches such as John Philip Sousa’s “The Stars and Stripes Forever,” it also plays opera and classical music. At one time, the Marine Corps band even played a ragtime song by Scott Joplin, which was requested by Alice Roosevelt, the daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt.