On June 4, 1919, after a decades-long battle, women finally received the right to vote in all elections in the United States when Congress approved the 19th Amendment to the Constitution. Test your knowledge of the constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote with these trivia questions...
When Did the 19th Amendment Become the Law of the Land? Although both houses of Congress voted in 1919 to approve the 19th amendment, it would not become law until it was ratified by legislatures in at least two-thirds of the 48 states that were then part of the Union. On August 18, 1920, almost 14 months after Congress approved the amendment, Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the proposed addition to the U.S. Constitution, giving it the two-thirds majority necessary to become law.
What States Allowed Women to Vote Before the 19th Amendment? The women's suffrage movement found a much more receptive audience west of the Mississippi where several states gave women the vote even before Congress passed the 19th Amendment. Wyoming was first to give women the vote in 1890 and was followed that same decade by Colorado in 1893 and Idaho and Utah in 1896. For the next 14 years, nothing much happened on the women's suffrage front at the state level. But in 1910 Washington State gave its female citizens the vote and was quickly followed by California in 1911; Arizona, Kansas, and Oregon in 1912; and Montana and Nevada in 1914. Back east, New York approved women's voting rights in 1917. The next year, Michigan, Oklahoma, and South Dakota followed suit.
When Did the Women's Suffrage Movement Begin? Although women began arguing for their right to vote in the early 1800s, it wasn't until the middle of the 19th century that the movement became well organized and a force to be reckoned with. In 1848 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott held a convention to increase public awareness of the issue and to demand voting rights for women. This convention is often cited as the start of the organized movement for women's suffrage. Four years after the convention, activist Susan B. Anthony joined the movement and devoted the remainder of her life to the fight to win the vote for women.
How Many Women Vote Now? Women nowadays take the vote fairly seriously when you look at numbers (political rivalries and insults aside, of course). Women voters outnumber male voters regularly, and while both male and female eligible voters don't have full turnouts (the percentages in presidential elections tend to be in the upper 50s to upper 60s percentage-wise), the gap between male eligible voters who actually cast a ballot and female eligible voters who actually cast a ballot has been growing.