On October 17th, 1931, Al Capone was sentenced to 11 years in prison. See how much you know about the process that brought down one of America's most famous mobsters with some trivia questions...
What was Al Capone's nickname? More commonly known as Scarface, Al Capone was an American gangster who dedicated his life smuggling liquor and involving himself in prostitution. He was expelled from school at 14, joined a gang and earned his nickname “Scarface” after being sliced across the cheek during a fight. At a very young age, he became a member of a notorious gang in New York and engaged in different illegal activities such as bribery among government figures.
What Was Capone's Most Infamous Act of Violence? The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre of 1929. Gang warfare ruled the streets of Chicago during the late 1920s, as gangster Al Capone sought to consolidate control by eliminating his rivals in the illegal trades of bootlegging, gambling and prostitution. This rash of gang violence reached a bloody climax in a garage on the city’s North Side on February 14, 1929, when seven men associated with the Irish gangster George “Bugs” Moran, one of Capone’s longtime enemies, were shot to death by several men dressed as policemen. The St. Valentine's Day Massacre, as it was known, was never officially linked to Capone, but he was generally considered to have been responsible for the murders. The story appeared on front pages around the country, and helped raise Capone’s notoriety to a national level.
What were the charges that finally brought down Al Capone? On this day in 1931, gangster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in federal prison, fined $50,000 and charged $7,692 for court costs, in addition to $215,000 plus interest due on back taxes. Capone’s successful conviction set a precedent for future law enforcement officials. Tax evasion would become a popular way to convict participants in organized crime if more substantial evidence was not available.
How Did Capone Live Out the Rest of His Life?
Capone spent the next 11 years behind bars. The first two were in a maximum security prison in Atlanta, but after getting caught bribing guards, Capone was transferred to Alcatraz where he spent the next 6.5 years. Capone's health rapidly declined at Alcatraz. He had contracted syphilis as a young man which had spread to his brain causing dementia. In 1939, he transferred to a mental hospital in Baltimore for three years, before being released and allowed to live his final days at his home in Miami. He died there on January 25, 1947 at the age of 48.
The Treasury Department Reports That in 1931, What Doubled? After all this, criminals got a bit more careful. If even Capone could get caught on tax evasion then maybe that was what would do them in. That same year Capone was convicted (1931), the amount paid in what had been unpaid back taxes doubled.